Everything we put into our body affects our well-being in many ways and good nutrition can help boost mood, reduce anxiety and depression and therefore keep us feeling on top of things in times of stress.
It’s at these tense times that good nutrition is very important. Read on to discover the best foods to reduce stress and boost mood, how the Mediterranean diet can help and to learn more about the biology behind the gut-to-brain connection and how it affects emotions.
Fat and Sugar Cravings
It’s been another stressful day, stuck at home, or working from home with the family in the background. The kids are arguing, they have the sound of whatever they’re doing on full blast, and you are trying to host a virtual meeting for work. On impulse (to make yourself feel better) you reach for a chocolate bar, or a bag of chips which you have conveniently stockpiled. Before you know it you have eaten the whole lot. And at least, temporarily, you may feel better.
Unfortunately when we are feeling tense we often reach for all the most unhelpful foods, or ‘comfort’ foods that we can.
can affect food preferences. Numerous studies (mostly on animals) have shown that physical or emotional distress increases the intake of food high in fat, sugar, or both. High cortisol levels, in combination with high insulin levels, may be responsible. Other research suggests that ghrelin, a “hunger hormone,” may have a role.
Once ingested, fat- and sugar-filled foods seem to have a feedback effect that inhibits activity in the parts of the brain that produce and process stress and related emotions. So part of our stress-induced craving for those foods may be that they counteract stress.
Stress can also cause us to drink more alcohol, and alcohol decreases our inhibitions, which can often lead us to say regretful things, affecting the emotional climate around us.
Try Going Mediterranean To Support Nutrition and Emotions
No matter where you are, you can enjoy the benefits of a Mediterranean-style diet. Compounds that are found in high amounts in the Mediterranean diet
are linked to lower rates of depression. These are nutrients such as:
omega-3 fatty acids
- plant-based protein
What does the Mediterranean diet consist of?
plenty of vegetables
beans and pulses
nuts and seeds
good quality olive oil
- low intake of dairy products (mainly yoghurt and some cheeses)
low-to-moderate amounts of dairy products, fish, and poultry
very little red meat
eggs up to four times a week
low-to-moderate amounts of wine
An added bonus is that a diet following these guidelines also tends to deliver good amounts of the nutrients needed to support your immune system.
Download our free Mediterranean Cookbook
Foods to Avoid
Several studies have shown that people who follow a western diet, which typically is high in refined and processed foods, are more likely to have major depression or persistent mild depression.
A 2010 study showed that women who ate unhealthy western-style diets had more psychological symptoms. The foods that these participants were eating included:
- processed foods
- fried foods
- refined grains, such as white bread
- sugary products
Interestingly it’s these unhealthful dietary patterns that typically lead to obesity, diabetes, and other physical health problems. These conditions can also contribute to poor mental health.
Your Gut and Emotions
Have you been getting those “gut feelings”, or “butterflies in your stomach” while watching the news lately? Your gastrointestinal tract is directly connected to your emotions, and that this is the foundation of what we call the Gut-Brain Axis.
Sadness, anger, anxiety, joy — these feelings (and others) can trigger symptoms in the gut and, increasingly, we are discovering that what is going on in the gut is affecting your brain and your mood.
Stomach or intestinal distress can be the cause or the product of anxiety, stress, or depression. That’s because the brain and the gastrointestinal (GI) system are intimately connected. This two-way communication system has been called the Gut-Brain Axis,
but more recently it’s been termed the “Microbiome-Gut-Brain Axis”.
A dysfunctional or imbalanced microbiome can potentially affect your mood and even your perceptions of the world and the clarity of your thoughts. And it could also be the cause of anxiety, and even a negative outlook on life.
Even more reason to make sure you are continuing to eat a balanced diet during times of immune challenge.
No matter what else is going on, if you look after your body with good nutrition,
not only are you supporting your immune system
to be the best it can be, but you will also be in a much better stead to take good care of your emotional health.